shumard red oak growth rate

The Shumard Red Oak is a deciduous tree known for its fast growth rate and impressive size. It is native to the Eastern United States and is generally found in the Appalachian Mountains, from New England to Alabama. This long-lived tree can reach heights of up to 100 feet with a spread of 40-60 feet, making it one of the tallest oak species in North America. The Shumard Red Oak’s rapid growth rate is due to its deep, wide-spreading root system as well as its tolerance for both acidic and alkaline soils. As such, it can achieve an impressive growth rate of up to 2-3 feet per year.The growth rate of a Shumard Red Oak tree varies depending on the conditions it is exposed to. Generally, Shumard Red Oaks are considered to be fast-growing trees, with an average annual growth rate of 2 to 3 feet in height and 1 foot in diameter. However, this growth rate can increase or decrease depending on factors such as soil type, climate, and available water.

Geographical Range

Shumard red oak trees are native to the central and eastern United States, ranging from Ohio to Texas. They are also found in parts of Mexico, Central America and South America. This species is widely distributed throughout the region, making it a popular choice for landscaping and forestry applications.

Size and Growth Rate

Shumard red oaks are medium-sized trees that typically reach heights of up to 80 feet with a spread of up to 30 feet. They have a moderate growth rate and can live up to 150 years or more when properly cared for. The bark is light grayish-brown in color and is deeply furrowed. The leaves are dark green with 5-9 lobes, each of which has pointed tips. The flowers are small yellow-green catkins that appear in late spring.

Fruit Production

Shumard red oaks produce acorns that are 1-2 inches long and have a shallow cup shape. The nuts mature in the fall and provide an important food source for many types of wildlife, such as deer, turkeys, squirrels, chipmunks, quail and woodpeckers.

Soil Type

Shumard red oaks prefer well-drained soils but can tolerate a range of soil types including sand, loam and clay soils as long as they have adequate moisture during the growing season. They also prefer full sun but can tolerate partial shade.


The wood from Shumard red oaks has excellent strength properties making it ideal for furniture making, flooring, cabinetry and other woodworking projects. It is also used in construction because it is durable and resistant to decay. Additionally, its attractive appearance makes it popular for landscaping applications such as shade trees or privacy hedges.

Soil Requirements for Shumard Red Oak Tree

Shumard red oak tree is a popular deciduous shade tree that can be found in many landscapes. It is known for its vibrant red-orange fall foliage and its strong, durable wood. In order to thrive, the Shumard red oak tree requires well-draining soil that is slightly acidic with a pH between 5.0 and 6.5. The soil should also have good organic matter content to ensure adequate levels of nutrients and moisture. The ideal soil for a Shumard red oak tree should have a loamy texture with an adequate amount of sand, silt, and clay particles.

The soil should be kept moist but not soggy, as this can lead to root rot and other diseases. It is important to monitor the moisture levels regularly and adjust watering as needed when the top few inches of soil are dry to touch. If the soil becomes overly saturated, it is important to provide drainage by loosening the soil or creating raised beds around the tree roots.

Fertilizing may be necessary if nutrient deficiencies become evident over time, however it is important to ensure that fertilizers are used according to specific instructions on the label in order to avoid overfertilization or burning of the roots. Adding a layer of mulch around the base of the tree will help conserve moisture and keep weeds at bay, but it should not be piled up against the trunk as this could lead to crown rot or other diseases.

By providing adequate soil conditions for a Shumard red oak tree, you can ensure that your landscape stays vibrant and beautiful year round!

Average Mature Height of Shumard Red Oak Trees

Shumard red oak trees (Quercus shumardii) are native to the southeastern United States. These trees are known for their large shape and attractive, bright red fall foliage. Shumard red oaks can grow to an average mature height of 80-100 feet, with some specimens reaching up to 120 feet in height. They typically have a rounded crown with branches that spread out wide from the trunk.

The growth rate of a Shumard red oak is considered moderate to fast, depending on the growing conditions. The tree needs plenty of sunlight and deep, moist soil in order to grow its best. During its first 10 years of growth, a Shumard red oak can reach heights of 40-50 feet, and by the time it reaches 20 years old, it can be anywhere from 70-90 feet tall.

Shumard red oaks are known as long-lived trees; they can live for hundreds of years if given the right growing conditions and proper care. This species is popular among many homeowners due to its attractive form and colorful foliage, but it’s also valued by wildlife for its acorns which are eaten by birds and mammals alike.

In order to achieve optimum growth for a Shumard red oak tree, it’s important to provide adequate sunlight and moisture throughout the year. If planted in an area with poor drainage or too much shade, the tree may not reach its full potential in terms of size and growth rate. With proper care and maintenance however, these trees can reach impressive heights over time.

Climate Needs of Shumard Red Oak Trees

Shumard Red Oak trees are native to the southeastern United States and are highly tolerant of various climates. They can grow in a wide range of soils, from sandy to heavy clay, and in both wet and dry conditions. Shumard Red Oaks thrive in sunny locations with some shade, but can also tolerate more than average shade. They prefer to be planted in slightly acidic soil, with a pH range of 6.0-6.5. Regular watering is needed to ensure the tree’s health, especially during the first year after planting. The tree should also receive regular fertilization throughout the growing season for optimal growth and health.

Shumard Red Oaks are relatively drought-tolerant once they become established, but they will still need supplemental water during periods of prolonged drought or extreme heat and humidity. Mulching around the base of the tree will help retain moisture in the soil during hot summer months and reduce water loss due to evaporation. Pruning should be done in late winter or early spring before new growth begins to occur.

In cold climates, Shumard Red Oaks may suffer winter injury if temperatures drop below 0°F (-17°C). For this reason, it is important to choose a location that provides some protection from cold winter winds and where snow cover can help insulate the tree’s roots from extreme temperatures. If needed, protective wrapping or burlap can be used around young trees during periods of extreme cold weather.

Sunlight Requirements for Shumard Red Oak Trees

Shumard red oak trees are a species of deciduous tree that require full sun exposure to thrive. Although these trees can tolerate partial shade, they will not reach their full potential in terms of growth and color when they are not receiving enough sunlight.

When planting a Shumard red oak, be sure to place it in an area that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. Planting it in an area with more than six hours of sunlight will likely lead to better growth and more vibrant foliage colors.

In addition, the soil should be well-draining and slightly acidic. Planting in poor soil can lead to stunted growth and an overall decrease in health for the tree. The soil should also be kept moist, but not overly saturated, as too much moisture can lead to root rot or other fungal diseases.

Finally, the tree should receive regular pruning to ensure that it is growing properly and developing strong branches. Pruning should occur in late winter or early spring before new growth begins in order to keep the crown of the tree open and healthy.

By following these simple guidelines, you can ensure that your Shumard red oak grows strong and reaches its full potential. With proper care and adequate sunlight, this species of oak tree will remain healthy for many years to come!

Planting Requirements for Shumard Red Oak Tree

The Shumard Red Oak is an ideal tree for many landscapes due to its fast-growing, showy, and long-lasting qualities. It prefers full sun and moist but well-drained soil. The tree should be planted in an area with adequate space for its growth; however, it should not be planted too close to other trees or structures since it can reach a height of up to 60 feet. It is also important to ensure that the planting site is free from any weeds or grasses that could compete with the tree for resources. When planting, make sure to dig a hole that is twice as wide as the root ball and just as deep.

Care Requirements for Shumard Red Oak Tree

When caring for a Shumard Red Oak tree, it is important to ensure that it receives enough water during the establishment period. Water should be applied directly at the base of the tree, avoiding wetting any of its leaves. Once established, water can be reduced to once a week or less depending on soil conditions and weather trends. Fertilizing can also be done twice a year; once in early spring and again in late summer using a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 or 16-4-8. Pruning should only be done when necessary and with caution due to the fact that oak trees are susceptible to various diseases if pruned incorrectly.

Water Needs of Shumard Red Oak Trees

Shumard red oaks are native to the southeastern United States and can be found growing in a variety of climates. These trees are known for their deep root systems, which allow them to access moisture even during dry times. However, they still need an adequate supply of water for healthy growth and development. The amount of water needed by Shumard red oak trees depends on a variety of factors, such as the soil type, environmental conditions, and the size and age of the tree.

In general, young Shumard red oaks should receive one inch of water per week during the growing season. This should be done either through rainfall or irrigation to ensure that there is enough moisture in the soil for the roots to absorb. Established trees may require less water, although it is important to monitor soil moisture levels regularly during periods of drought to make sure they are getting enough. If necessary, additional watering can be provided during times of drought or extreme heat.

It is also important to consider other factors that may affect water needs. For example, if there are compacted soils or high levels of salt in the soil, this can reduce the amount of available moisture for the tree’s roots and increase its need for regular watering. Additionally, if there is excessive shade or windy conditions in the area, these can also reduce available moisture and increase water needs.

Overall, Shumard red oak trees have relatively low water needs compared to other species but still require an adequate supply for healthy growth and development. It is important to monitor soil moisture levels regularly and provide additional watering when necessary during periods of drought or extreme heat.


Shumard red oak is a durable and fast-growing tree, making it an excellent choice for a variety of landscaping projects. It is a vigorous species, able to reach heights of up to 90 feet in ideal conditions. It also has a growth rate of 1-2 feet per year, making it ideal for larger spaces or areas where quick results are desired. This tree is also quite tolerant of various soil types and can even tolerate extended periods of drought. The Shumard red oak is an attractive species that will add beauty and longevity to any property.

Overall, the Shumard red oak is an excellent choice for a variety of landscaping projects due to its rapid growth rate and its tolerance for various soil types and climate conditions. Its durability and fast-growth make it perfect for larger spaces or areas needing quick results. Its attractive foliage ensures that the tree will add both beauty and value to any property.