what does a basswood tree look like

Basswood trees are medium to large deciduous trees that can grow up to 80 feet tall. They have a dense, pyramidal crown with broadly spreading branches and a straight trunk. The bark of the tree is grayish-brown in color and is usually smooth, but may become rough and furrowed on older specimens. The leaves are simple, alternate, oblong to ovate in shape, and often have pointed tips. They are bright green on the upper surface and pale green or almost white beneath. The flowers of the Basswood tree are small, cream-colored, and fragrant, borne in drooping clusters. The fruits consist of small nutlets contained within an outer hull that ripens in late summer.A Basswood tree is a medium-sized deciduous tree, typically growing to a height of between 40 and 70 feet. Its trunk is straight, with smooth bark and grey-brown in color. The branches are sturdy with a wide-spreading, rounded crown. The leaves are oblong to elliptical in shape, 3 to 6 inches long, dark green on the upper surface and paler underneath. The flowers are small and yellowish-white in color, growing in clusters of three to eight. The fruits are small round capsules containing many small seeds.

Basswood Tree Characteristics

Basswood trees are deciduous trees that are commonly found in North America. They belong to the Tilia genus and are known for their large, heart-shaped leaves. The tree is a popular choice for landscaping as it provides plenty of shade and can reach heights of up to 80 feet. Basswood trees also have attractive white flowers, which bloom in late spring and early summer. The tree’s bark is light grayish-brown and smooth, with occasional furrows or ridges. Its leaves are ovate with pointed tips, and they may be up to five inches long and three inches wide. The fragrant flowers have a bell shape with five fused petals, and they produce small nut-like fruits in the late summer months. Basswood trees also have strong wood that is lightweight yet tough, making it an excellent choice for furniture or carving projects.

Leaf Shapes and Sizes of a Basswood Tree

Basswood trees are deciduous trees that are native to North America. They have a simple leaf shape and are usually oval or heart-shaped. The leaves are typically thin and dark green in color, ranging from about 2 to 5 inches long. The edges of the leaves can be either serrated or smooth depending on the variety of tree.

The size of the basswood tree’s leaves can vary depending on the species. Some varieties may have larger leaves than others, with some reaching lengths up to 10 inches in length. The size of the leaves may also be impacted by environmental factors such as sunlight availability, water levels, and other weather conditions.

The fall season brings a change in the color of basswood tree’s leaves which usually turn yellow or orange before dropping off the tree. The leaves may also become brown and dry out before they fall from the branches. Afterward, new growth will begin in spring when new buds form and new foliage appears on the branches.

Basswood trees are an important part of many forests as they provide food for wildlife, shelter for birds, and shade for other plants. Their versatility makes them a great choice for landscaping projects as they not only add visual interest to a yard but also provide necessary nutrients to nearby plants and shrubs.

Additionally, basswood trees are highly prized for their wood which is often used for furniture making and other woodworking projects due to its lightweight yet strong qualities.

Bark of a Basswood Tree

The bark of the basswood tree is an interesting feature of this species of tree. It is relatively smooth and light gray in color, and it often has a slightly furrowed texture. It can be seen in various forms on mature trees, ranging from thin and scaly to thick and deeply furrowed. The bark is not very thick, but it does provide some protection from the elements and small animals. In addition, the bark provides a food source for certain insects, such as the basswood leaf miner or the gypsy moth caterpillar.

The bark of the basswood tree also has medicinal properties. Native Americans used to boil the bark to make teas that were thought to have healing properties for various ailments. The bark was also used as a poultice to treat wounds and skin irritations. Today, some herbalists still use basswood bark for its purported medicinal benefits.

The wood of the basswood tree is also quite interesting. It is soft yet strong with a light tan color that makes it popular among furniture makers and woodworkers. The wood is easy to work with because it can be shaped by hand or by machine tools into whatever shape you desire. It takes stain well, so it can be used for various types of furniture or decorative pieces.

Overall, the bark of the basswood tree provides many benefits both aesthetically and functionally. Its light gray color adds an interesting contrast to other trees in your yard or landscape while its medicinal properties can help treat minor ailments or wounds naturally. Its versatile wood makes it an ideal choice for furniture makers and woodworkers alike who want to create beautiful pieces out of a sustainable resource.

Height and Spread of a Basswood Tree

Basswood trees, also known as American linden, are deciduous trees commonly found throughout North America. Basswood trees are medium to large in size with a mature height of 50-100 feet and spread of 35-50 feet. The canopy of the tree is usually round and dense in shape with a spread that is equal to or greater than its height. The bark of the tree is gray-brown in color and is relatively smooth in texture, although it will develop furrows as the tree ages. The leaves are green on top and paler underneath, with serrated edges and a heart shape that tapers to a point at the end. Basswood trees produce small, fragrant yellow-green flowers that attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies. The fruit of the basswood tree is an oblong capsule that holds small seeds which can be eaten by birds or other wildlife.

The Wood of a Basswood Tree

Basswood trees are native to North America and can be found throughout the Midwest and Eastern regions of the United States. The wood of basswood trees is light in color and is relatively soft compared to other hardwoods. It has a fine, even grain with an even texture and is known for its strength and durability. Basswood is a popular choice for carving, furniture making, flooring, cabinets, musical instruments, and toys. Its straight grain makes it easy to work with and its light weight makes it ideal for many types of projects. Basswood is also used in the production of plywood, veneers, pulp paper, and chipboard. It is usually light or pale brown in color but can vary depending on the species of tree it comes from. The wood is also resistant to decay which makes it ideal for outdoor use.


The flowers of a Basswood Tree are small, creamy white, and fragrant. They are arranged in clusters of two to five and appear in May or June. The flowers have both male and female organs and are pollinated by bees. The petals are shaped like a bell and form a five-pointed star at the end. These flowers are also fragrant and attract bees, butterflies, hummingbirds, and other pollinators.


The fruits of a Basswood Tree are small, greenish-yellow drupes with two to four seeds inside. They ripen in July or August and can be eaten raw or cooked. The seeds have a sweet nutty taste when roasted. The fruits can also be used for making jams, jellies, wines, and syrups. The leaves of the tree can also be used for making tea.

Uses of the Wood from a Basswood Tree

Basswood is an important hardwood with a variety of commercial applications. It is most commonly used in furniture, interior trim, and other woodworking projects. Basswood is also popular for carving, as it has a fine texture and is relatively easy to work with. It can be stained or painted to create beautiful finished pieces. Additionally, basswood is a popular choice for making musical instruments such as guitars, violins, and mandolins. Its lightweight yet strong properties make it an ideal material for soundboards and other components.

Basswood can also be used to construct window shutters, cabinetry and paneling. It is often chosen for its strength and durability in these applications as well as its resistance to warping and shrinking over time. As an exterior material, basswood provides excellent insulation from the elements while still allowing sunlight to pass through its open grain pattern. This makes it an ideal choice for outdoor structures such as pergolas or gazebos.

In addition to its many uses in woodworking projects, basswood has also been used in papermaking for centuries due to its soft fibers and low lignin content. The fibers are able to be easily separated during the pulping process which makes them ideal for producing paper products such as newspapers and books. Basswood has also been used in the production of cardboard boxes due to its strength when wet or dry.

Finally, basswood can be used for firewood because of its slow burning properties. This makes it a great option for people who want a high heat output from their fire without sacrificing too much smoke or emissions into the air. Additionally, basswood produces less ash than other types of hardwoods which makes it easier to clean up after use.


The Basswood Tree is a wonderful addition to any landscape. It has an attractive, symmetrical shape and produces a pleasant shade. Its leaves are heart-shaped and its bark is light gray in color. Its fruit is small and not as widely known as some of its other relatives, but the Basswood Tree has much to offer in terms of beauty and shade. It’s an ideal tree for creating a serene, natural environment in any yard or garden.

For those who have an appreciation for nature, the Basswood Tree is a great choice. Its slow growth rate will make it easy to maintain, while the abundance of foliage ensures it will remain beautiful for years to come. Whether planted in a small backyard or on a larger piece of property, the Basswood Tree can add charm and character to any outdoor space.