sterling linden tree

The Sterling Linden Tree (Tilia tomentosa or Tilia x europaea ‘Sterling’) is an incredibly beautiful and majestic tree, perfect for providing shade in any yard. It’s lush green foliage, with unique silver-tipped leaves, make it a standout in any landscape. The Sterling Linden tree is also known for its fragrant flowers and its ability to attract pollinators. This fast-growing tree is an excellent choice for those looking to quickly add a bit of beauty and character to their property.The Sterling Linden Tree (Tilia tomentosa) is a large, deciduous tree that is native to Europe and western Asia. It is popular for its fragrant flowers and attractive foliage. The tree typically grows to a height of 50-80 feet, with a spread of 40-60 feet. The bark is grayish-brown and furrowed, while the leaves are dark green and heart-shaped. In the spring, the tree produces small yellowish flowers that are highly fragrant. These flowers are followed by rounded fruits that are green in color, but turn brown when ripe. The Sterling Linden Tree is an excellent choice for shade or as an ornamental tree in any landscape.

Sterling Linden Tree: Identification

The Sterling linden tree (Tilia tomentosa) is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows in the Northern Hemisphere. It is native to parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. The Sterling linden has a pyramidal growth habit with dark green, heart-shaped leaves that turn yellow in autumn. Its fragrant yellow-white flowers are borne in drooping clusters in late spring and early summer. This species of linden tree is commonly cultivated as an ornamental tree for its showy blooms and attractive foliage. It is also valued for its shade tolerance and fast growth rate.

The Sterling linden typically grows to heights of 40 to 60 feet with a spread of 30 to 40 feet at maturity. It has a distinct pyramidal shape when young, but its branches often become more horizontal with age. The bark is grayish-brown and scaly on mature trees, while young trees have smooth bark that turns fissured as it matures. The leaves are simple, alternate, heart-shaped, and 3 to 6 inches long. They are dark green above and silvery beneath with finely-toothed margins. In autumn, the foliage turns yellow before dropping off the tree.

Flowers appear in late spring or early summer on pendulous clusters called cymes that hang from the branch tips. Each cyme contains numerous yellowish-white flowers with five petals each that emit a strong fragrance at night when pollinated by moths or bats. The flowers are followed by small green fruits called samaras that mature into brown seeds by fall.

The Sterling linden is an excellent choice for planting as an ornamental shade or street tree because of its fast growth rate and dense branching habit which provide good summer shade cover when fully grown. It can also be planted as a hedge or screen due to its dense branching habit which provides good privacy screening throughout the year. This species of linden tree is tolerant of pollution and urban conditions making it an ideal choice for city landscapes where other trees may not survive well.


The American Sterling Linden Tree is a popular landscape tree due to its adaptability to many different conditions. It has an upright oval shape and can grow up to 40-60 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide. It has dark green, glossy leaves that are heart-shaped and turn yellow in the fall. The bark is gray and scaly, and the twigs are reddish-brown. The tree produces small yellow flowers in the spring followed by dark brown, round fruits that contain several seeds each. The Sterling Linden Tree is relatively low maintenance and drought tolerant once established. It is also resistant to most disease and pests, making it a great choice for many residential landscapes.

Growing Conditions

The American sterling silver linden tree has a wide range of tolerance for growing conditions, and can adapt to any soil type. It prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The tree is very drought tolerant once established and can tolerate temperatures down to -30 degrees Fahrenheit (-34 degrees Celsius). It is moderately salt tolerant and can be found growing in urban areas with high levels of air pollution. The tree does not require pruning, but may need occasional trimming to maintain its shape and size.


The silver linden tree is a popular choice for landscaping, parks, and streetscapes. It is attractive, hardy, and has a wide range of uses. It can be used as a shade tree, providing dappled shade in the summer and brightening up the winter landscape with its silvery-white bark. It is also useful as a windbreak or privacy screen, since it grows quickly and can reach heights of 40 to 50 feet. Its large leaves are deep green in summer and turn yellow in autumn. Its fragrant flowers are also popular with bees and other pollinators. The silver linden tree is also popular for bonsai growing due to its slow growth rate and attractive foliage. It can be pruned into a variety of shapes and sizes, making it an ideal choice for small gardens or balconies. The wood from the silver linden tree is also valued for its strength and durability, making it a great choice for furniture making or construction projects.

Caring for a Sterling Linden Tree

Caring for a Sterling Linden Tree is relatively easy, especially since it is naturally resistant to pests and diseases. When planting the tree, you should make sure that it is in an area with access to full sun and adequate soil drainage. It should also be planted in an area that has been amended with plenty of organic matter. The tree should be watered regularly, but not too heavily as this can lead to root rot. Fertilizing the tree twice a year with a balanced fertilizer will help promote healthy growth and development.

Pruning is necessary for the Sterling Linden Tree, but only during the spring or summer months when the tree is actively growing. Pruning should be done carefully, ensuring that only diseased or dead branches are removed. Pruning can also help open up the canopy to let in more light and air circulation.

Mulching around the tree can help keep weeds at bay and retain moisture in the soil. Mulching should be done during spring or fall months and kept away from the base of the tree trunk to prevent damage from pests or disease organisms.

Regular inspection of your Sterling Linden Tree is important to ensure that it remains healthy and vigorous. Keep an eye out for any signs of disease or damage from pests such as aphids or spider mites, which can cause discoloration on leaves or bark discoloration. If you do notice any signs of distress, contact your local extension office for advice on how best to treat your tree.

Pruning a Sterling Linden Tree

Pruning a Sterling Linden tree is an important part of maintaining a healthy and attractive tree. Proper pruning will help to maintain the shape of the tree, promote strong growth, and reduce the risk of disease. Pruning should be done in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins. The most important thing to remember when pruning a Sterling Linden tree is to remove no more than one-third of the tree’s total foliage per year. This will help to ensure that your tree remains healthy and vigorous.

When pruning a Sterling Linden tree, it’s important to use proper pruning techniques. Start by removing any dead or diseased branches first. Next, thin out any overcrowded branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other. Finally, remove any weak or broken branches that could be prone to breakage in windy conditions. When making cuts, always make sure they are clean and at an angle so that water can run off them easily.

It’s also important to avoid topping off your Sterling Linden tree when pruning it. Topping off refers to cutting off large sections of top foliage in order to reduce the size of the tree or keep it from growing too tall. This not only reduces the amount of shade produced by the tree but can also lead to weakened or insufficient root systems which can make your tree more susceptible to pests and diseases.

Overall, proper pruning is essential for maintaining a healthy and attractive Sterling Linden Tree. With proper technique and care, you can keep your Sterling Linden looking great for years to come!

Pests Affecting a Sterling Linden Tree

The Sterling linden tree is susceptible to many insects and other pests. Japanese beetles, aphids, and scale are the most common insects. These insects feed on the leaves and stems of the tree, weakening them and making them more susceptible to disease. Japanese beetles can also cause defoliation of the tree. To control these pests, it is important to monitor the tree regularly for signs of infestation and treat with insecticides as soon as possible.

Diseases Affecting a Sterling Linden Tree

Sterling linden trees are also susceptible to a variety of diseases. Anthracnose, verticillium wilt, and powdery mildew are some of the most common diseases that can affect this type of tree. Anthracnose can cause leaf spots and defoliation, while verticillium wilt can cause yellowing or wilting leaves and dieback of branches. Powdery mildew can cause white or grayish patches on leaves. It is important to monitor for signs of disease regularly and treat with fungicides as soon as possible to prevent further damage to the tree.


The sterling linden tree is a great addition to any landscape or garden. It is a fast-growing, low maintenance tree that will bring beauty and shade to any outdoor space. Not only is it easy to plant and maintain, but it also has many wonderful benefits such as providing excellent shade, being drought-tolerant, and having beautiful foliage. The sterling linden tree is an ideal choice for those looking for an attractive, hardy tree that will last for years to come.

Overall, the sterling linden tree is a great option for any homeowner looking for a hardy yet attractive addition to their outdoor space. While they require little maintenance and are adaptable to almost any environment, they also provide stunning foliage and plenty of shade in the summer months. With its versatility and various benefits, the sterling linden tree is a great choice for anyone looking for an attractive addition to their landscape or garden.